Category Archives: Torta di Bietola

Making Torta di Bietola

Though this Italian pie is made with Swiss chard (“bietola”), I should point out that the general approach I’ve laid out here can be used with a wide variety of greens (spinach, broccoli rabe, etc.). Or you can banish the vegetables entirely, add more cheese, diced ham and/or Italian deli meats and you’ll have a torta di pasqua, an Italian Easter pie.

Though you can employ a variety of crusts for this sort of a pie, I highly recommend one made from bread or pizza dough. You’ll get a much lighter, much less achingly rich result than you would with a short crust or conventional laminated dough (like puff pastry). And that’s a good thing when the filling already abounds with cheese and eggs. You don’t have to employ the multi-layer stretching technique that I’m demonstrating below if you find it intimidating (however it does introduce a unique textural dimension to the pie, so if you’re at all inclined I recommend trying it).

But let’s get to it — time’s a-wastin’! Begin with about two pounds of chard. This is pretty much the last of the chard from our backyard garden. Wash the leaves thoroughly.

Now to remove the stems. Lay a leaf out in front of you, stem up.

Fold it in half…

…and run a knife down the stem, cutting the leaf away (camera hand not shown). Discard the stem.

Now just roll up the leaf…

…and slice the roll into shred-like pieces.

Pour all that into a pot of amply-salted water (it should taste like sea water).

Simmer the chard for 3-7 minutes until it’s tender, then remove it to an ice bath (this helps retain the color).

Drain it, then transfer it to a cutting board and chop the chard down until it’s in small pieces. If you prefer to leave it in larger pieces, do.

Press the chard between paper towels until you’ve got most of the water squeezed out.

Ready! Transfer that to a medium bowl.

Chop your garlic and small onion finely.

Heat the oil in a medium sauté pan and add the garlic. Let it cook about 20 seconds.

Then add the onion. I’m also adding some cooked diced potato here. We had one little spud left after the girls dug potatoes Sunday. I boiled it for 15 minutes in the chard water then cut it into cubes. It’s a fair addition to a torte of this type. A little pancetta is also perfectly legal.

Sauté it all for about 7-10 minutes over medium-high heat, then add it to the chard, and stir everything together.

Next combine the cheeses and eggs and stir until they’re well combined.

Stir mixture A into mess B.

Grate in some nutmeg and add pepper and salt to taste. Now set that aside while you work on the crust.

Your pizza dough needs to have risen at least three hours by this point, or more. You can make it the same day or the night before. It should be very spongy and light. If it’s over-proofed, that’s perfectly OK, since that will only make the dough more pliable. You’ll have about two and a half pounds (which is a lot more than you really need, but it’s nice to have excess). You want to cut it into four pieces, one weighing about a pound, the others weighing about half a pound each.

So, secure your mold and butter it.

Cut about a 1-pound piece of dough off the mass. This will be your bottom crust. With floured hands, pat it down like a pizza or roll it out with a pin if you prefer. You want a circle about 10 inches across.

Drape the dough over the back of both fists and slowly open your hands, stretching the dough out. Take your time with this step, because depending on how long it’s risen, it may be stubborn. If you see the surface of the dough start to tear, put the dough back down and let it rise another hour until it becomes more cooperative.

Don’t stretch it see-through thin, and don’t worry if the edges are thick and doughy, you’re going to trim those off. Lay your sheet over the form and press it down a little. Now stretch the dough away from the sides to thin the overhang.

Here I should point out that we American bakers are at a disadvantage here relative to Italian (or other Continental) bakers. The gluten on our side of the pond is very elastic, which means it snaps back when you stretch it. Sustained pressure is the only thing that loosens the dough up (i.e. breaks some of those gluten strands), so if you have to tug and hold for a few seconds, that’s fine. Just be patient, though dough’s not going anywhere.

Once you’re satisfied that the bottom crust is thin enough, trim off the excess (there will be a fair amount of it).

Now put in your filling. If you want to get nuts here, you can crack two or three raw eggs on the top (the torta will bake up with a layer of cooked egg on the top, which looks pretty cool).

Repeat the patting and stretching process for one of the smaller pieces of dough. This time stretch it to the point that you can see through it in spots. Lay it on top of the filling and trim off the excess.

Paint on some melted butter.

Add another thin layer…butter it…

…and do it again. Something else I realized while doing this is that tortas like these are clearly the inspiration for Chicago-style “stuffed pizzas.” Much as I enjoy a slice of one every so often, if I were Secretary General of the Pizza U.N., I’d never recognize those things as members. Cheese pies are what they are. But I digress…do the stretch-layer-butter routine one more time.

Now bring up the overhanging dough and make a crimp around the edge. It need not be fancy, this is a rustic pie, remember.

Paint on some egg wash and bake the pie for 45 minutes to an hour, until the top crust gets nice and brown.

About like this.

Let it sit for about 20 minutes before you serve it. If you serve it right away it will be crunchy on the top, which is a nice textural contrast, however this is fantastic at room temperature or even cold. Just slice it into wedges and serve!

That hand-laminated yeast dough really is a unique experience. Very glad I tried it. Buon appetite.

Filed under:  Pastry, Torta di Bietola | 24 Comments

Torta di Bietola Recipe

These sorts of greens-based pies are common in Italian cooking, and are very similar to Easter pies, which can contain either greens bound with cheese and eggs, or meats (and eggs and cheese or savory custard). Crust-wise, these pastries can be all over the board. Standard pie crusts can be used, sheets of puff pastry, phyllo dough, you name it.

I thought it would be fun to do something a little more rustic, something I’ve seen done with classic Easter pies. Specifically, sheets of yeast dough, stretched thin by hand, buttered and laid on top of one other. It’s a glimpse into the past of laminated doughs, before the French came along with their butter pats and fancy folding techniques. You’ll need:

2 lbs. (about 20 large leaves) chard, stems removed, washed and dried
4 tablespoons olive oil
1 clove garlic, minced
1 small onion, chopped fine
1 lb. ricotta
3 eggs
3/4 cup of freshly grated Parmesan cheese
1/4 teaspoon grated nutmeg
1 teaspoon salt
black pepper to taste

1 recipe Neapolitan pizza crust

Bring a large pot of well-salted water to the boil. Add the chard and cook until wilted, about 2 minutes. Heat the oil in a heavy skillet over medium heat. Add the garlic and sauté it about 30 seconds, until the garlic starts to give off a (more) robust odor. Add the onion and sauté 5-7 minutes until it’s translucent. Now add the chard and cook it until the liquid evaporates, about five minutes. Transfer the drained chard mixture to a bowl and allow it to cool. Chop it finely if you like, and press between paper towels to dry thoroughly.

Now preheat your oven to 375 degrees Fahrenheit. Working with a roughly 8- ounce ball of dough, roll it or pat it out to a roughly 5″ round, then stretch it over your knuckles until it’s quite thin, about 1/8″, and lay it over a buttered 9″-10″ round baking dish. Leave plenty of excess around the sides. Press the dough lightly into the dish. Add the filling. Stretch another piece of dough very thin — to the point you can almost see through it, and lay it over the top. Brush melted butter over the dough, then add another sheet. Butter that, and do a third. Brush the top with more butter. Bring up the excess dough from the pie bottom and crimp the edge all the way around.

Allow the pie to rest about ten minutes, then bake for 45 minutes to an hour until golden on top. Cool the pie for 10-15 minutes before serving.

Filed under:  Pastry, Torta di Bietola | 2 Comments