Category Archives: Madeleines

Madeleines With a Humpback

I’ve had several requests to show how madeleines can be made with a hump on the back of them, a shape which many consider to be more authentic (whatever that means) than simple, symmetrical clamshell-shaped ones. I personally like those, but who am I to deny my readers?

Getting the hump is all about temperature. The bigger the difference between the batter temperature and the oven temperature, the more pronounced the hump will be. You can get this sort of medium protrusion by chilling your batter for about four hours in the fridge, then panning and baking the batter at the regular 425 Fahrenheit. Chilling the batter in a pastry bag is probably the best way to go here. You can achieve more height by raising the oven temperature.

Why does this work? It’s because the low batter temperature and the high heat causes the madeleine to bake up quickly on the outside. That seals the remaining unbaked batter inside. However as the unbaked batter heats it still needs to expand. Since the rest of the madeleine is now rigid and can’t flex, the interior batter has no choice but to bust out through the top.

I’ve seen madeleines that look like golf balls on the half shell. I have no idea why that’s appealing…but to each their own!

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Making Madeleines

The European pastry style must be rubbing off on me, because I’m becoming a sucker for ultra-simple treats like Madeleines. Crunchy and caramelly on the outside, soft and creamy on the inside and sweet, rich and lemony all over, these are the sorts of things I’m finding increasingly addicting as I evolve as a baker.

That said, I confess that making archetypal goodies like Madeleines always makes me nervous. They’re like chocolate cup cookies: a universal favorite, yet something everyone likes in just their own way. Which means making them here on the blog is something of a risky venture. For every person who likes their Madeleines the way I make them, there’ll be someone else who’ll consider them an affront to all that’s good and holy. But what are you gonna do. Let’s hit it!

Heatter’s process worked extremely well for me. The main difference between it and others is that it requires no resting time. In fact she goes out of her way to underscore how important it is not to leave the batter sitting around. It flouts tradition, sure, but it works. Start by preheating your oven to 425 degrees Fahrenheit and assembling your ingredients. Next, sift your flour into a small bowl.

Place the butter in a microwave-safe dish.

Zap it for 20 seconds, stir, and zap another ten until it’s liquid like so. Allow it to cool while you attend to the rest of your prep.

Begin with the pan. Dab a pastry brush into some very soft butter…

…and paint it onto the molds, making sure the brush strokes align with the direction of the fluting there.

Now sprinkle in some dry bread crumbs, crushed or ground finely in a food processor.

Jiggle the pan around until the molds are well coated, then tip the pan up over a sheet pan, tapping it to shake out the hangers-on.

Ready to rock n’ roll.

Now for the batter. Combine the egg, yolks, sugar and vanilla in the bowl of a mixer fitted with a paddle. Alternately use a medium bowl and a hand mixer. I’d have done that but I don’t own a hand mixer. I need to remember to put one on my Christmas list!

Beat the ingredients on medium-high until the mixture is very pale and light, and barely moves when you tip the bowl. Scrape once or twice as you go. The beater should look about like so when you pick it up:

With the machine running on low, start sprinkling in the flour. Stir until the flour is barely incorporated.

About like so:

Remove the bowl from the mixer, then fold in the lemon zest.


Once that’s done it’s time for the melted butter. Dribble in a teaspoon or two.

And fold. Keep that up until all the butter is in and the batter is homogenous and shiny.

Spoon a heaping tablespoon of each into your molds. I was a little generous…I only had enough for eleven when I was done. C’est la vie, eh?

Bake about 12 minutes until they’ve crowned, are dark around the edges and spring back when you poke them.

Now then, to de-pan, the process calls for placing a sheet pan on top of the mold and simply flipping it over. That usually works. If it doesn,’t, it probably means your bread crumbs were ground a little too small or that your oven may be running cool. The below batch didn’t want to realease, so I poked them gently on the side to release them. Out they came.

Hump or plump? Mine are the latter. I like volume and symmetry. Some bakers tell me that the only “true” shape of a Madeleine isn’t an evenly inflated shell shape but a flat cookie with a hump toward the back. They can go bake their own.

Anyway. They’re excellent served as-is with coffee or tea. They’re also very nice dipped into a little simple icing or even melted chocolate. Just eat them the first day if you want to consume them while they’re still soft. Tomorrow they’ll be fit only for dunking, but if it’s good enough for Proust, it’s good enough for me, non?

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Madeleines Recipe

Madeleines have a reputation for being rather fussy things, and I suppose that reputation is deserved to some extent. However where small cakes are concerned, you’re always in good hands with Maida Heatter. Here’s her recipe slightly altered to reflect some of my ingrained habits.

about 1 cup bread crumbs, ground finely in a food processor
2 ounces (1/2 stick) unsalted butter
1 egg pus two egg yolks, room temperature
1.75 ounces (1/4 cup) sugar
1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract
2.5 ounces (1/2 cup) all-purpose flour
zest of one lemon

Preheat your oven to 425 degrees Fahrenheit, having set a rack on a middle shelf, in the bottom third of the oven. Brush the Madeleine forms lightly but evenly with very soft (not melted) butter. Sprinkle on the crumbs, tilting the pan this way and that to coat the forms, then turn the pan over and tap it gently to shake of any excess.

Melt the butter in the microwave using several 10-second bursts, then leave it to cool, but not to the point that it’s firm.

Combine the egg, yolks, vanilla and sugar in the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a paddle and beat on high speed for about 15 minutes until the mixture barely flows. Turn the mixture down to low, then steadily add the flour. Scrape the bowl when needed. You only want to stir until the flour is barely incorporated. Fold in the lemon zest by hand, followed by the melted butter, about a tablespoon at a time.

Immediately spoon the batter into the forms and bake the Madeleines right away (this batter shouldn’t stand for long). Bake them for 12 minutes, until the tops are browned and the cakes spring back when tapped. Cover the pan with a sheet pan or cookie sheet and invert it. Cool the Madeleines on a rack.

Filed under:  Madeleines, Pastry | 34 Comments